Benefits and Impact of Cloning

Benefits and Impact of Cloning
Literally, the word "clone" (Greek: clone, klonos) means branch or twig young. Cloning means making process (production), two or more individuals (living things) that are genetically identical. "Cloning of organisms actually been going on for several thousand years ago in the field of horticulture. New plants, for example, can be created from a twig. In the world of horticulture (the plantation), the word "clone" is still used until the 20th century.

In detail, to distinguish two types of cloning. The first type is the doubling of life from the beginning through the division of single cells to form identical twins. By nature, they are like "twins". The second type is the production of animals from the cell body of another animal.

The first human clone was designed in November 1998, by the American Cell Technologies, which is derived from cells of a human foot, and a bovine cell that its DNA removed. After 12 days, this clone is damaged.

In January 2008, Dr. Samuel Wood and Andrew French, chief scientific officer laboratoriurn Stemagen Corporation in California USA, announced that they managed to create five adult human embryos using DNA from adult skin cells. The goal is menvediakan a source for embryonic stem cells which can live.

Dr. Wood and a friend to donate skin cells and DNA from the cells to be transferred into human cells. It is not clear whether the resulting embryo would be able berkernbang further. However, Dr. Wood stated that if possible, using the technology for reproductive cloning is unethical and illegal. The five cloned embryos are eventually destroyed. "

Ethically, there is no problem in cloning in plants. The practice of cloning is already prevalent and long done. Meanwhile, there are different opinions about cloning in animals. There are pros and cons. The practice of cloning is permissible as far as animals are not tortured or abused.

Meanwhile, appear various opinions about human cloning. Appears ethical questions and discussion. Ethically, does justified in technological advances to produce and / or using human embryos that lived for preparing embryonic stem cells?

The Church does not condone this action because human embryos can not be seen as clumps of cells. The embryo is a private figure. Embryos are entitled to live as an individual. Embryos should dihorrnati. Thus, human intervention is harmful, harassing, or objectify the embryo can not be accepted. The rejection of cloning embryos also apply to cloning teraupetik. Characterized by manipulative intervention is not acceptable.

Among the pro-cloning groups, often appear two opinions that in fact less prove the truth. It is not fair if someone made "copies" or be "copy". Every human person meiniliki originalitasnya rights. With cloning, no one can be original. Human beings are entitled to the full.

Cloning is basically a instruinentalisasi. Humans objectified or manipulated. Martabatnva abused. Man not only made by the gene, although the role of genes is large. However, the role of the atmosphere, education, and time will help shape one's personality. The role of a mother during pregnancy to determine the attitude of a child. Anyhow, the cloning of new creatures never make the exact same. In the process of cloning, human becomes a goal, but as a means of testing.

Human cloning is essentially abusive man himself and be bad. Impoverish human cloning humans because humans had just come from a single gene. This differs from the personality of someone who was born from the usual process of pregnancy.

Mixed male and female genes are not found in the cloning process. Proved that human cloning genes is so limited. Cloning is against the fundamental unity between men and women. There are dangers that human cloning is used as a business or a way to replace someone who is famous in history or to preserve the people in a family. Thus, came the same faces. The cult of the individual will continue and people will fall into arrogance. Humans can create homoculus °
Benefits and Impact of Cloning | Najla Alliya | 5


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